position of fingers on keyboard-how to play piano

position of fingers on keyboard-how to play piano:

Bar Lines:

On the music sheet you must have seen vertical lines. These lines divide music into measures.

Measures:

Measures divide music into groups of equal counts.

Double Bar-lines:

Double bar-lines are always used at the end of a piece of music.

In order to acquire more knowledge about bar-lines, measures and double bar-lines, it is recommended that every student must see the music sheet of songs and see by himself what the above mentioned elements mean.
Position of Fingers:

It is very very important to know about the position of fingers while playing keyboard. Let us now do a small exercise of playing keyboard with right hand first. The position of fingers would be as shown in the pic below:

righthandposition

righthandposition2
Now play notes CDE. The note C is to be played by thumb. Note D will be played by the finger next to your thumb and E would be played by the finger next to the finger that played D note.

Practice these notes for about an hour in either directions with the same fingers. So the Position of thumb is 1 position. 1st finger is 2. Position of 2nd finger is 3, whereas the position of 3rd finger is 4. The position of little finger is 5.

Left hand fingers position:

While playing notes with left hand the position remains the same as mentioned earlier for right hand, which means the first note is to be played by thumb of left hand.

lefthand2

 

leftnrighthandpositions

lefthand

Practice now ABC notes. Remember note C is to be played by thumb, note B by first finger whereas note A would be played by second Finger.

Natural Music Signs for understanding music theory

Natural Music Signs for understanding music theory:

Natural Sign:

Naturals cancel sharps and flats. A natural sign placed in front of a note cancels the effect a sharp or flat has had. This kind of natural sign can be seen when melody is created in the Indian sub-continent or even Bengali music formations. Look at the pic below and draw 6 natural signs as practice.

natural-music-sign-music-theory

 

First draw vertical downward line. Then make a line at the bottom at an angle. Now draw vertical downward line again little below the first line then join both vertical lines with a short angle line.

Slurs and Ties:

See the slur mark in the pic below:

ties-slur-2

ties-slur-3

 

slur1

 

slur4

The slur mark is used for many purposes in music.

The slur mark is very often used under or vertical group of notes to show that they belong together in musical thought. Remember the notes written within a slur are played in a smooth connected manner.

Now as a drill, write few notes as the staff sheet and draw slur mark over them. When two identical notes are connected by a slur mark it is called a tie. The first note is played and held for the value of both notes. Write few identical notes and draw the mark of slur to make it tie.

Touch:

Legato means to play in a smooth connected manner.
Staccato:

Means to play in a short disconnected manner. Dot placed over or under notes indicate Staccato.

music expressions

 

Dynamics:

Forte:

is an Italian word meaning loud or full.

Piano:

is an Italian word meaning soft. See the sign of Piano below:

piano

Ritardando:

is an Italian word which means to get gradually slower. See the pic below:

ritardando

 

Dynamic-Symbols

The role of rests in Music Theory

The role of rests in Music Theory

As we have discussed the note value in time signatures. It is also important for each student to know what does the word rest mean in music theory.

Rests are symbols of silence. You must be aware of the fact that when a song is composed, rests are also mentioned on the grand staff for the musician to read so that he can play in harmony with other musical instruments. Look at the picture below to understand the value of rest.

rest-symbols-music-theory

notes-rest-symbols-music-theory

Now as a drill, it is recommended that students should draw 4 of each rest. Remember that this drill is very important too.

 

Counting and Clapping

 

1.  Check Time Signature

2.  Set up a steady pulse by counting and tapping the four beats for  a   full measure before you begin to clap.

3.  The first time you clap, say the name of the note value in the rhythm.  The second time count the beats. Remember quarter note gets a clap, the half note gets a clap and a squeeze, the half dotted note gets a clap and two squeezes whereas the full note gets one clap and 3 squeezes.  On rests throw your hands open for the correct number of beats.

 

Stemming Notes

The stems on notes go up on the right or down on the left.  Notes that are on the middle line of the staff or above the middle line are stemmed down on the left.  Notes that are below the middle line of the staff are stemmed up on the right.

stemming-notes

notes-stems-grand-staff

 

The students must draw notes on the staff sheet and stem them according to the instructions given above. First write quarter notes on or above the middle line and stem them, then write half notes and repeat the exercise, also continue this exercise with half dotted notes and whole notes.  This exercise will refresh the memories of the students and they will be able to remember the names of the notes in a better way.

Stem whole note. They will become half notes. now change these notes to quarter notes by adding  stems and blackening the heads. So it means when note is stemmed its value becomes half.

 

Sharps and Flats

Sign of Sharp

sharps

 

Sign of Flat

flat

 

A sharp sign placed in front of a note tells us to play the very next key to the right. Now draw 8 sharp signs by looking at the pic.  The vertical lines for sharps are drawn straight. The cross lines are at an angle. Now write sharp signs on the staff sheet on different lines and spaces to grasp better knowledge. The box of the sharp must enclose the individual line or space. when we see F sharp sign at the beginning of a piece, we call it a Key Signature. F sharp is the Key Signature of G Major.

pic of signature of G Major

gmajor-keysignature

 

Flats

orderflats

A flat sign placed in front of a note tells us to play the very next key to the left.  Now see the pic of Flat and try to draw is yourself. First draw a downward line and then add the head on each Flat. The head of the flat must enclose the individual line or space.  When we see a B flat at the beginning of a piece we call it a key signature. B flat is the key signature of F Major.

 

pic of key signature of F Major

fmajorkeysignature

Time Signatures & Music Theory

Time Signatures & Music Theory:

music notes

 

music theory

In the previous article we described the method i.e. moving up from the middle ‘C’. Which of course, you must know that it is known as Treble Clef or G Clef which is played by right hand.
Now we shall discuss about reading music down from middle ‘C’. These notes are written on Bass Clef or F Clef. These notes are played by left hand.

The musical alphabet goes down in reverse alphabetical order. Middle ‘C’ is written on the added line above the F Clef. Remember this is to be played by left hand. See the pic of note above:

‘B’ note is above Bass Clef or F Clef.

See the pic above:

‘A’ note is on the fifth line of the Bass Clef.

See the pic above

‘G’ note is in the forth space of the Bass Clef. See the pic above

‘F’ note is on the fourth line of the Bass Clef. See pic above

‘E’ note is in the 3rd space of the Bass Clef

‘D’ note is on the third line of the Bass Clef. See the pic above

Bass ‘C’ note is the Guidepost note and is in the second space of Bass Clef.

 

Time Signatures-Music Theory
Knowledge of Time Signatures on grand staff is very important for every student. Without knowing this, music cannot be played. The numbers found the Staves at the beginning of a piece give us the time signature. Se the pic above of time signature on the staff.

2 as mentioned above or in the demonstration below means 2 beats per measure. Whereas 4 which is mentioned under means quarter note. A quarter note receives on beat (4 stands for quarter note).
Note values in:

2 3 4 5 or 6

4 4 4 4     4

music notes

See the pic of notes above

how to play piano lesson 2 understanding music theory

how to play piano lesson 2 understanding music theory:

music theory

 

music notes

Middle c is written on the added lines between the Bass Staff and Treble Staff. If middle ‘C’ is closer to the Treble Staff, it must be played by right hand. When middle ‘C’ is closer to the Bass Staff it is played by the left hand. It is recommended tat students must practice playing middle ‘C’ by both the thumbs, First by right hand thumb and then by left hand thumb over and over again. It is very important. When you start reading music, it will play vital role.

Note there is drill for you. Just look at the pic of Grand Staff below and try to draw it yourself, then write note on the small added line. See the pic above:
Reading and writing up from the middle C

Now write the next note under the fifth line (the last line below). Remember the musical alphabets on Treble Clef are written from below. ‘D’ is written on space under Treble Clef.
E-note is written on the first line of Treble Clef as shown above.

‘F’ note is written in the first space of Treble Clef. See the pic above

‘G’ note is written on the second line of the Treble Clef. See the pic above:

‘A’ note is written in the second space of Treble Clef. See the pic above:

‘B’ note is written on the third line of the Treble Clef.

 

The students will be much benefited by this drill because they will write and read the notes themselves. So they will learn two arts i.e. writing music and reading music. As we proceed further we will learn more. Through experience I can assure that if you follow my instructions carefully you will learn in amazingly short time. It will help understand the music theory..

 

How to play piano:

How to play piano

How-to-play-piano

Steps and Skips on the white keys of the keyboard:

It is very important for every student to know what steps and skips mean.

Like physical drills, playing organ also requires drills to acquire and grasp playing art. Moving by step means stepping on the neighboring white keys i.e. ABCDEFGA in either direction. It is highly recommended that students practice this drill for at least one hour everyday. It must be kept in mind that this drill will help the students in playing various songs with ease. In fact the fingers will become more and more smooth as the practice goes on. I have noticed that many students have been benefited with this drill.

Moving by skips on the white keys of the keyboard: 

Once the above drill has been mastered by the students, they may start the drill of moving by skips. In music term, the skips mean stepping over on white key in either direction i.e. “A-C-E’.

The above shows that keys ‘B’ and ‘D’ have not been played, but skipped over. Similarly the next skip would be as under.

“B-D-F’

Remember these keys are to be played in either direction. Now lets move to the next keys as mentioned below:

“C-E-G’

This is to be played in either direction as previously done. It can be seen that keys ‘D’ and ‘F’ have been skipped over.

Now we move onto next drill as follows:

“D-F-A”

It can be noted that ‘E’ and ‘G’ have been skipped over. Remember these notes are to be played in either direction. The next skips exercise is as follows:

“E-G-B”

In this drill ‘F’ and ‘A’ have been skipped over.

I can assure you on the basis of my experience that any student who does all these drills on daily basis, including the previous ones, will show progress in amazingly short time of learning.

I hope this post was useful about how to play piano..