Indian Musical Instruments
Indian Musical Instruments
When we talk about the Indian music whether it is classical or light, we always think of kinds of instruments that are used in the performing arts. For ages the Indian music is being sung by the well renowned performers and even in the court of Mughal emperors the music was very popular and they used to call the best performers to
entertain them. When it comes to entertainment, it has been noticed that people seem to be more interested in the instrumental performances, they love to listen to different melodies and raags on the instruments. Not only in sub continent but it has become so popular all over the globe. In recent times the instrument playing performers are being invited in various countries of Europe, Australia, America, Japan and in Mideastern countries. The reason being that the people of sub continent are spread all over the world and they love to see the performers from their country. It has been noticed that many foreigners have started taking interest in Indian music, specially the instrument performances, People love to attend the musical instrumental concerts rather than vocal concerts. Well
there are many many primitive and old instruments in Indian music. If I try to introduce you to all the musical instruments it would require ages to do so, I will tell you about the musical instruments that you are likely to see frequently in concerts and pvt performances. So we can discuss about the classification of types of musical instruments. Well it can be classified in different types and groups. Well there are four categories of
musical instruments they are as follows:
Indian Musical Instruments categories
1. Tantu Vadiya (these are string instruments which are called chordophons in western music)
(Taanpura-which is a drone instrument in Indian music but it is a accompanying instrument which means it can not be used for solo performances) the other string instruments are veena and sitar there are also instruments without frets like sarod, then there are instruments play with a bow, popular examples of these are sarangi and violin, there are instruments that can be played without being played by fingers or struck by nails or without the help of bow and that is santoor, which is played with the help of the hammer like spoon.
2. The second category is sushir vadiya or the wind instruments and in western music they are called aerophons. The most popular is Bansori, it is an Indian flute without reeds, also the shahnai, it has two reeds but sound is produced from the air columns. Then there emerged a below blown instrument to produce sound the best example of this is harmonium.
3. The 3rd category is called Avanad vadya, which is called Drums/memrophons in western music. The contain a layer of animal skin that helps in the production of sound.some of these instruments are played with palm and fingers, for example carnatica music it is mridangam and khanjira. We also have Indian instruments like pakhawaj and tabla. Then there are instruments that are played with the help of the sticks such as chaugadha and the dhol.
4. The final category is that of ghana vadya, they are called ideophons according to Western music. These are made of metal, clay or wood, they don’t need any further tuning these instruments are used as side rhythm instruments. The examples of these instruments in carnatica music is ghatam or moursi, the other examples are manjira and kartaal.
You may ask what about the electric organ or the electric rhythm, well they fall in the category of electronic instruments. Well in the ancient times the melodic instruments were called veena and the human voice was called gatar veena which meant produced by human voice. I hope this article would help the music learners in their research work too.
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