Indian Musical Instruments



Indian Musical Instruments

indian musical instruments

Indian Musical Instruments
When we talk about the Indian music whether it is classical or light, we always think of kinds of instruments that are used in the performing arts. For ages the Indian music is being sung by the well renowned performers and even in the court of Mughal emperors the music was very popular and they used to call the best performers to
entertain them. When it comes to entertainment, it has been noticed that people seem to be more interested in the instrumental performances, they love to listen to different melodies and raags on the instruments. Not only in sub continent but it has become so popular all over the globe. In recent times the instrument playing performers are being invited in various countries of Europe, Australia, America, Japan and in Mideastern countries. The reason being that the people of sub continent are spread all over the world and they love to see the performers from their country. It has been noticed that many foreigners have started taking interest in Indian music, specially the instrument performances, People love to attend the musical instrumental concerts rather than vocal concerts. Well
there are many many primitive and old instruments in Indian music. If I try to introduce you to all the musical instruments it would require ages to do so, I will tell you about the musical instruments that you are likely to see frequently in concerts and pvt performances. So we can discuss about the classification of types of musical instruments. Well it can be classified in different types and groups. Well there are four categories of
musical instruments they are as follows:
Indian Musical Instruments categories

1. Tantu Vadiya (these are string instruments which are called chordophons in western music)

(Taanpura-which is a drone instrument in Indian music but it is a accompanying instrument which means it can not be used for solo performances) the other string instruments are veena and sitar there are also instruments without frets like sarod, then there are instruments play with a bow, popular examples of these are sarangi and violin, there are instruments that can be played without being played by fingers or struck by nails or without the help of bow and that is santoor, which is played with the help of the hammer like spoon.

2. The second category is sushir vadiya or the wind instruments and in western music they are called aerophons. The most popular is Bansori, it is an Indian flute without reeds, also the shahnai, it has two reeds but sound is produced from the air columns. Then there emerged a below blown instrument to produce sound the best example of this is harmonium.

3. The 3rd category is called Avanad vadya, which is called Drums/memrophons in western music. The contain a layer of animal skin that helps in the production of sound.some of these instruments are played with palm and fingers, for example carnatica music it is mridangam and khanjira. We also have Indian instruments like pakhawaj and tabla. Then there are instruments that are played with the help of the sticks such as chaugadha and the dhol.

4. The final category is that of ghana vadya, they are called ideophons according to Western music. These are made of metal, clay or wood, they don’t need any further tuning these instruments are used as side rhythm instruments. The examples of these instruments in carnatica music is ghatam or moursi, the other examples are manjira and kartaal.
You may ask what about the electric organ or the electric rhythm, well they fall in the category of electronic instruments. Well in the ancient times the melodic instruments were called veena and the human voice was called gatar veena which meant produced by human voice. I hope this article would help the music learners in their research work too.

If you like this post on Indian Musical Instruments, kindly share it across social networks. Thanks for visiting our blog!

Explore our Music Expressions section here

Learn to read Music Notes Easily here

INDIAN MUSIC VS WESTERN MUSIC



INDIAN MUSIC VS WESTERN MUSIC

Well there has been a lot of talk about the major difference in Indian and Western music, therefore I found it important to discuss Indian Music vs. Western Music. The people who are music lovers have asked this question over and over again. So today we will discuss about this very burning topic of main differences between the two types of music i.e Indian and western. The basic difference between these two types of music is Melody vs Harmony.

We must keep this fact in mind that Indian music is based on the concept of melody. Now what is the melody? well melody is a tune where one note follows the other so it becomes a kind of structure, to some of the people it might sound very complicated but believe me its very simple, if you hum a tune, play a tune or sing a tune its all called melody. so basically raag is a melody, so we can say Indian music is certainly based on melody but with western music its a little bit different.

INDIAN MUSIC VS WESTERN MUSIC1
Just as you have the concept of melody in Indian music, there is a concept of harmony in western music, Now what exactly is the difference between melody and harmony. Well melody is just one individual tune where harmony is layering of two or more tunes which will go hand in hand with each other that is they sound very good when they are played together or sung together for example is the first tune is taken from C major note, the second tune is taken from E note while the third tune is taken from the G note. So when all these tunes are played together they would create harmony and it sounds great and very pleasing to the ears. So if you are a music lover and want to visualize the concept of melody and a food lover too, then lets take it this way, melody is just like a simple burger, where as the harmony is just like having a burger which has multiple layers of cheese, salad and chicken or beef etc. So naturally you would prefer to go for the one which has more layers to enjoy the food rather than taking the simple bun. I hope you have understood the difference between the melody and harmony. How they make Indian music sound different from western music.

Vocal Techniques (Indian music vs. Western Music)

Next lets move on to understand the vocal techniques used in two different forms of music. In Indian music the singer is supposed to sing in a very full throat-ed manner. Apart from this the singer is expected to sing in three octaves that is lower, middle and high octaves. He needs to be very fluent in all the three octaves. He should be able to sing in the range from the G of lower Octave to F or G note of the high or the 3rd octave. Technically speaking the singer is not allowed to use the false voice (which is not full throat-ed), specially in Indian classical music it is forbidden. The point is to be noted that false voice is mostly used in the 3rd or the high octave where the singer may find it difficult to cope with the high notes. It feels like a hollow kind of a voice which is strictly forbidden in Indian classical music. In western music there is a believe that each person has got a specific kind of voice. which means they have particular range where they are comfortable in singing. Some people have low pitched voice and some people have high pitched voice, so accordingly they have a specific territory in which they operate comfortably. They do not need to move all along the three octaves and hit the highest pitched notes or the lowest pitched notes. So there are four kinds of voice which are commonly known as Bass, Tener, Alto and superano. Generally Bass and Tener are the male voices, Alto and superano are female voices. In western music a lot of false voice or seto is used. In Indian music the note is applied plainly whereas in western music the ending note is usually used a vibrato , it is wavy vibration given to the note as u sustain it.

Exciting posts on our blog

CONCEPT OF HARMONY IN INDIAN MUSIC

Country Music Awards Vegas 2018

Learn to Play Piano
If you found this article useful on Indian vs. Western music, kindly share it using social icons below, thanks!

INDIAN CLASSICAL MUSIC ABOUT THAATS



INDIAN CLASSICAL MUSIC ABOUT THAATS

indian classical music thaat

I am sure that by the time you reach the end of this post, you will have much better understanding of INDIAN CLASSICAL MUSIC THAAT

Well The Indian classical music is all based on 10 Thatts, that play vital role in learning and knowing the classical indian music. This is the basic knowledge that each one has to know if he or she is interested in indian music. This is important to know that every hindi song that we listen in the form of film playback songs, ghazals, folk songs etc have their roots from the Thatts because they are based on raags and raags belong to thatt (one of the 10 Thatts). So if the person has knowledge about the thatts he can easily find out, in what raag the particular song has been composed. Now-a-days the Indian Classical music has become popular all around the world and many foreigners come to India and Pakistan to learn Indian music. So in this Article we will discuss about 10 Thatts, their formation and other related information. Thatt is in fact a combination of seven notes. The combination of black and white notes, they differ in each thatt. The very first thatt is known as Bilawal Thatt, It has all the white notes. The second thatt is known as kamaj thatt, The third Thatt is Kafi, the fourth Thatt is Asavari, the fifth thatt is Bhairvain, the sixth Thatt is Bharon, the seventh thatt is Kalyan, the eighth Thatt is Marwa, the ninth Thatt is Poorvi while the last and the tenth thatt is todi. The description of thatts is given as under:

To understand The Music Theory Properly, it’s mandatory to pay close attention to the thaats

Bilawal Thatt

All the seven notes of this Thatt are white which means: C D E F G A B (all white notes)

Khamaj Thatt

The seven notes of 2nd Thatt, which is Khamaj are: C D E F G A B(Flat) ( only one note that is B Flat is black in this Thatt)

Kafi Thatt

The seven notes of 3rd Thatt are C D E(Flat) F G A B(Flat) which means there are two black notes in Kafi Thatt and they are E (Flat) and B (Flat)

Asavari Thatt

The seven notes of 4th Thatt are C D E(Flat) F G A(Flat) B(Flat) this means there are three black notes i.e E (flat) A(flat) and B (flat)

Bharvi Thatt

The seven notes of Bharvi Thatt are C D(Flat) E(Flat) F G A(Flat) B(Flat), so there are four black notes in Barvi Thatt i.e D(flat), E(flat), A(flat) and B(Flat)

Bharav Thatt

The seven note of Bharav thatt are C D(Flat) E F G A(flat) B, so there are only two black notes in this Thatt and they are D(flat) and A(flat)

Kalyan Thatt

The notes for the Kalyan Thatt are C D E F(sharp) G A B, this means there is only one black key and that is F sharp

Purvi Thatt

The seven notes of purvi thatt are C D(flat) E F(sharp) G A(flat) B

Todi Thatt

the notes for Todi Thatt are C D(flat) E(flat) F(sharp) G A(flat) B(flat)

The music of India sounds quite exotic to the European audience. Two major reasons for this are the differences between the two traditions in tuning and scales.
We can also say that even the singing styles are entirely different. Even the traditional instruments used in Indian music make it so different from the western instruments. The Indian music is mostly based on melodies that are not dominated by the hard beats of Drums and Guitars (as in western music). Furthermore the western music depends lot on harmonies, 2nd and 3rd harmonies whereas in Indian music stress is given only to the melody of the song, but in recent times, some composers are turning towards the harmonies too. No doubt they should do experiments to give new innovative flavors to the songs to make it different from the primitive singing styles.

More Relevant Articles

Music Festivals 2018

List of 10 Thaats in Indian Classical Music

Useful relevant product for music lovers:

How To Read Music…in One Evening!

Indian Classical Music Theory



Indian Classical Music Theory

The Indian classical music is very old and its roots can be found in Vedic literature. by the passage of time the Indian Music has been undergoing changes due to the influence of the western music and some of the folk musics of other civilizations. Perhaps now a days it is hard to find it in its purest form..Most of the people may not know the revolutionary changes it has undergone. It was in its purest form in the 13th century as can be determined from the sanskrit text Sangita-Ratnakara. The actual Indian classical music was regarded as full time involvement . It was taught by the Ustad (Masters of music) to the students who could serve the masters in different form such as their obedience and respect. At that time there was no technology that could pass on the information about the formations of different raags, their time and the ways to perform it. Therefore they had no other option but to serve the master to get the knowledge of Hindustani music and the Carnatic music traditions. The Indian classical music has two basic foundations or pillars, the first known as raga (the raag or the melody of the lyrics) and tala (known as rythm). without these two elements the Indian classical music can not exist. but our classical music also has the influence of neighboring countries such as Iran, Eqypt and even Arab. Many styles are being fabricated while keep the basic demand of the raag. It has made the indian classical music more rich by improvising it with different traditional styles of different civilizations. In recent compositions the music directors love to mix western with classical indian music to make it more relaxing and entertaining for the public. These changes had to be brought to keep the classical music alive. No one has the time to listen to the classical music for hours and hours as it used to be in the ancient times.

indian classical music theory

The Indian music has multiple varieties of classical music, ranging from folk music of different provinces, Indian rock music, Indian pop music and the film music. In fact now a days the film music directors are making efforts to make the melodies as simple as possible, so that every person can sing it. They need to do it to make the melodies popular among all classes of people, from the richest businessmen to the poorest laborers who work in the field the whole day. But not to forget that the melody is certainly based on some raags which orginates from the classical music. The music in the Indian sub-continent began as integral part of social-religious life and till date its shades are prevailing all over the world because the lovers of music are to be found in each corner of the world. The western music specially the rhythm(beats) are used abundantly with the base guitars to enhance the real beauty of melody. In many case, specially in old film music during 70 and 80 era there are numerous examples of such blending. The common people seem to enjoy such music more. The reason being that it becomes more familiar to people from others countries as well.

Highly recommend book on Indian Music:

Relevant Posts on Music Theory:

What Is Western Music Theory?
Indian Music Theory

Useful product for Music Learners:

How To Read Music…in One Evening!

What Is Western Music Theory Basics?



What Is Western Music Theory & it’s Basics?

It is not so easy to simplify music theory in a single definition, due to the music’s evolved state itself. But we know exactly what ‘music’ is being talked about here. It is the music that has accompanied the growth and development of human race on the entire earth; so that you could expect that there is such a long history entailing the conception of what music theory is.
Yet, we could still get a hold on a perspective viewing music theory as a set of principles or basic values that must be on a music. It wraps up pitch, rhythm, form, harmony and even silence. Those elements would always be present on every music composition. It is even like a natural concept flowing through the process of making music.

Music Theory’s History

A long history of human race has proven that music is not a trend. Music-making it an ancestral behavior, as shown by so many prehistoric artifacts which are considered to be our ancestors’ musical instruments. And since that time, music theory had actually been developed.
western music theory basics - western-music-theory

As humans mobilized, their culture on music-making had also been developed. Western community should have got their own story regarding to how they contemplate music theory of themselves. A writing from Boethius called De institutione was claimed to be the first treatise explaining about how music positioned itself at that time, alongside its composition pattern.
That marks the Western’s contribution to the whole music history, which has finally got the power to be among the most admired music around the world.

Western Music’s Intervals

Well, how do you define Western music? Is it music made originally by Western musicians? Or is it the music produced in Western countries? And even, who are Western people or what are Western countries? It is quite hazy to describe this Western music as one musical concept. Yet, let us rely on the most typical assumption.
If you are wondering about how Western music theory states itself out, then we can see it by analyzing the music’s intervals. Interval, which is the tonal gap between two notes, can be as small as a half step in Western music. That half step is also called minor second. This term, minor second, is one among the twelve notes ended with octave on the 12 half steps.
These interval theory can be a bit confusing and difficult to understand, unless you have been pretty pro on the field.

Other relevant posts

Indian Music Theory
Music Theory on American Folk

The Cambridge History of Western Music Theory

The Cambridge History of Western Music Theory (The Cambridge History of Music)

I hope that you like this post on western music theory basics. Please share it on social networks. Thanks!

Indian Music Theory



indian music theory

Indian Music Theory:

Indian music is more than just the Bollywood movies sounds that have become so famous in the last 10 or 20 years and it is more than the uncomfortable stabs that many UK rock musicians made at it in the 1960. Indian music is a tradition that interlocks with Indian history and culture. It is a vibrant and rich medium and remains even in 2016 largely outside the keen of the typical latest westerner. Across the dominant centuries it has evolved into a complex system based on melody and rhythm.
Melody is perhaps the most important part of Indian music. A system of sweet ideas known as Raga drives melodic compositions. Each Raga can be thought of as a character with its own personality.
The raga became an integration part of spiritual practice and Indian culture. There were set of rags that were to be played at different times of the day and also unique ones for ceremonies. Further, they were generally used in prayer and meditation, sometime as chant. A lot of the time these scales were sun vocally, but they are played on a range of instruments as well.
indian-music-classic-theory

The Octave comprises 22 equal divisions known as Sruti. These may be gathered and re-grouped into 12 Swara which may be similar in the ways they move to the 12 semitones of European scales. Like those of European scales too, 7 are regarded as being primary while the other 5 the “sharps” and “flats” of the 7 primary Swaras. The 7 primary Swara are illustrated in Hindi script.
In the 1800, Chaturpandit Vishnu Narayan managed to make system called as the “That” to classify all the ragas. Unluckily, as useful as this system was, it still failed to account for many of the ragas. It is anyway the initial system in use today. There are also 2 other ways to classify rags.
In South India, the word for musical scale is mela. The Southern and Northern Indian music largely differs from each other in sound and in tools but may share the same scales. The application of these scales in terms of Indian music in common goes beyond this scope of this site but if you want to incorporate some of the wonderful sounds of these scales into your music then that is probably the remarkable usage for them.
Indian music is like Western music in many ways and extremely unlike it in many others. If you don’t have a background in music or need a refresher on Indian music theory, there are several best classics to ground you in music appreciation and music theory.

Other related music theory articles

Music Theory on American Folk

The Music Theory Explained in simple words

Awesome Music Product:
77 Royalty Free Music MP3 Tracks

Music Theory on American Folk



Music Theory on American Folk

Have you heard about this term, “music theory”? Well, it is common to find someone with some sort of face showing an expression like “what?”, whenever this question is offered. But, that is truly fine, particularly for those who are just music listeners. Not everyone gets to the specific theories or rules of how to make certain music.
However, this time, we are going to grab the simplest idea of this term. If you have ever wonder of how a song could really touch your heart and mind because of its rhythm, then you can see a little trace of the songwriter’s brilliance in keeping up with music theory while making the song.

Music theory

is essential for music makers.
They may claim their not understanding of the theories, but it does not mean that they do not apply them to their songs.
Have you caught what is being explained? Do not expect much by understanding every bit of music theory when you just want to enjoy listening to music. Even, music is meant to be enjoyed, at the very first place.
Now that you get it clearer, then you may be interested in seeing if every genre in music has different music theory. Pop, rock, and jazz are among them. Then, what about folk music? You must have ever heard about this music. Folk’s being able to be called as a genre is debatable among music listeners, but whatever it is, folk music is remarkable.
American Music Theory american folk music theory

What we know so far, folk music is territorial. Every place has its own folk music and so does American. The country’s kind of folk is much represented by its simple chord progressions and simple time signatures. Besides, you may also be able to hear natural keys such as C, S, E, G and A within American’s folk songs.
There is also some other simplicity reflected from American folk music. The songs are mostly written in simple scales, for instance, pentatonic minor, pentatonic major, melodic minor, mixolydian and major.
In a number of that folk music, you can probably hear a lot of acoustic instruments used to play the song. You can imagine how catchy it feels in your ears. For example, while playing out their guitars, they would prefer to use several techniques such as fingerpicking, “boom chuck” strumming and carter-style strumming.
However, some of us might not really care about those features, for as long as we enjoy the music, then folk, pop, rock, jazz, classic and others would be felt significant in our mind.

Other great articles

Significance of Music Theory
Difference between Western and Asian Music Theory

Relevant recommended product Amazon:

Get more details on Music Theory

If you found this article to be useful about American Music theory, kindly share it across social networks using buttons below, thanks for your visit to our blog!

The Importance of Learning Music Theory



The Importance of Learning Music Theory

For anybody interested in playing any type of instrument or performing singing for that purpose, you’ve got to truly have a working understanding of fundamental music theory. Music theory is the basic premises to understand music. This involves reading it, being able to create basic records on the two clefs and having a working understanding in what makes music tick.

Importance of Learning Music Theory - musictheoryfundamental

A few of the basics which might be crucial that you understand are timing signatures, treble chef & the notes on bass, major & minor notes along with other notations that tell you these things as to play softer, louder staccato, etc.

Many novice musicians get involved in their device and forget about the basics. When the moment comes in order for them to discover more challenging pieces, it becomes clear that not knowing these fundamentals may be a problem due to their continued musical advance.

The most fundamental understanding of 4/4-time passages 2/4-time whilst playing a musical piece is crucial to know. Simply basic principle like understanding that in the key of “G” there’s a sharp can make it so much cooler to play pieces because within that key.

Knowing minor & major chords along with the principles that make them minor or major can make it simpler for you to realize true note progressions. In the event you are playing a particular tone in the key of “G”, odds are you’ll realize a “Db” isn’t any appropriate note in that piece, at the in majority of the cases.

Learning music theory is only going to make your task so simpler. In the event that you do not have a working knowledge of theory you might want to look for somebody who includes this in their complete teachings (rather than simply teaching strumming styles & chords) or get a book of it so that you’re able to support your learning a bit more.

In summary learning music theory will absolutely help you progress as a recording artist. Learning the theory doesn’t automatically make you a better musician, instead, it offers you the tools necessary to choose your music towards the next level if you’re ready to commit yourself and work towards your goal.

Other Great Links

Difference between Western and Asian Music Theory

The Music Theory Explained in simple words

Guitar Theory Revolution

you must have reached this post searching for music theory, importance of music theory, fundamentals of music theory
If you found this post useful in understanding Importance of Learning Music Theory, kindly share it on social sites, using buttons below! thanks for visiting our blog!

Differences between Western and Asian Music Theory



Differences between Western and Asian Music Theory

Plato once said, “Music is a moral law”. It gives soul to the universe, wings to the mind, flight to the imagination, and charm and gaiety to life and to everything.” Good music not only delights you but also promotes good health.

Music Theory Courses and Workshops

Guitar Theory Revolution

Differences between Western and Asian Music Theory westernmusictheory

There is theory behind music. It comprises the rules that make music delightful. The music theory enables music to be written and played by musicians.

There are some distinct differences between Western classical music theory and Asian music theory. The Western music theory divides the octave into a series of 12 tones, known as chromatic scale, within which the interval between adjacent tones is known as a semitone.

In equal temperament, each semitone is equidistant from the next, but other tuning systems are also used. Scales are created by selecting tones from the 12 tones and arranging them in patterns of whole tones and semitones.

Asian music encompasses many musical styles originating from different Asian countries. There are 48 countries in Asia, the largest continent in the world.

When people speak about eastern music, they usually mean Indian classical music. Indian classical music has two genres: Hindustani music and Carnatic music. In the Hindustani music, the melodic foundations are known as ragas and the rhythmic organization is based on rhythmic patterns known as tala.

The Carnatic music theory is also based on a complex system of raga and tala. Raga is basically the scale, which has seven notes. Tala is the rhythmic foundation to the system. Ragas are categorized into various modes.

Western classical music does not use beat cycles, Indian classical music uses tala, a cycle of beats. Works in western classical music have roots in factors like historical events in human history and individual experiences. Indian classical music has an intimate association with nature.

The magic of Western classical music lies in polyphonic composition. The harmony, texture and counterpoint are created using many voices. Melody is not the singular focus of most of Western classical music works. Indian classical music is primarily homophonic. Its focus is on creating melodies using a sequence of notes. Different melodies are constructed within the framework of ragas.

Western classical music is composed, Indian classical music is improvised. In Western classical music, when vocals are used, the instrumentation still carries a lot of weight in the composition. In the Indian classical music, when vocals are used the instruments are mere accompaniments.

There are many great compositions in both Western music and Asian music. Which genre of music do you prefer to listen?

Other great articles regarding music theory

Music Theory Courses and Workshops

Guitar Theory Revolution

The Music Theory

Music Theory in simple words

You must have reached this post searching for

classical ragas, western music theory, eastern music theory, music theory, the music theory,asian music theory

Music Theory



Music Theory

Music theory means understanding the language of music. The big thing to understand about music theory is that it is just a method to describe the music we hear. Much had existed for 1000 of years before theory came along to describe what people were trying to accomplish naturally by pounding on their drums. Don’t ever think that you cannot be a professional musician because you have never taken a theory class. Actually, if you are a best musician, you already understand a lot of theory. You just may not know the scientific formulas or words for what you are doing.
music theory

The rules and concepts that frame music theory are extremely much like the grammatical rules that administer written language. Being capable to write out music makes it simple for other musicians to understand and play music compositions actually as the composer intended. Learning to read music is almost actually like learning a fresh language, to the point where a confident person can “hear” a music “talk” when reading a piece of music sheet.
There are plenty of self-taught, intuitive musicians out there who have never lead to write or read music and find the full idea of learning music theory unnecessary and tedious. Anyway, just like the educational leaps that can come with learning to write and read, music theory can support musicians learn fresh ideas, do unfamiliar music styles, and develop the confidence to try fresh things.
What is vital to remember, though, is that music theory is to composers what grammar is to poets. Music theory can tell you what composers and musicians have done in the past and why it jobs, but it does not say what you have to do. Just as poets are not restricted to the strict rules of musicians, grammar, too, have the poetic license to reject certain “rules” of music theory in order to make the piece they want to make.
If you want to be capable to play classic music, you must be capable to keep a steady beat, and knowing how the harmonies fit combine can make it much simple to play because you can see what is coming before you even get there. If you want to be rock musician, then understanding the notes you need to play is a given idea is especially vital. Learning to play and know music takes a lot of personal discipline, but in the close, it is merit all the hard work.

Other relevant articles



The Music Theory Explained in simple words

A brief overview of the music theory

Read more on Music theoryhere