Raag in Indian Classical Music
The question must have arisen in the minds of many people as what exactly is raag in Indian classical music? Well why don’t we take this up today and discuss the matter to make it known to all interested. Many of you might be acquainted with Indian classical music but those who are not acquainted must have at least heard this word of raag many times,well this term raag is very unique and important to indian classical music and it forms its backbone, and you all know that without back bone no structure would be able to have its shape. In Hindi it is called raag, in carnatica it is called raagam and many people also call it raaga, but it all means the same. Now in the simplest term raag is a set of note to express a feeling in the form of melody. Now melody is an ear pleasing combination of musical notes. So raag is not a random combination of melody. In order to understand the
raag you will have to understand the three layers that form the raag, or the three steps in the formation of the raag. The first step is to understand that raag is a set of note in ascending and descending order. Everyone must know that in raag there should at least be five notes in asending and decending order. The ascending order is called aroh while descending order is called amroh. The number of notes in the raag determine the jati of the
raag, so if the raag has 5 notes in the ascending and descending order the raag is called Audav Audav jati raaj.
The example of Audav Audav raag is raag bhoop, it has five notes in the ascending and five notes in the descending order. If there are six notes in the ascending and descending order it is called shadav shadav jaati raag.
If a raag has got seven notes in asencing and decending order, it is called samporan raag. There are some raags that have five notes in the ascending order and seven in the descending order, and still there are many raags that can be discussed at length. The people who are seeking knowledge about Indian classical music basic, they need to have a proper teacher who can explain them the three important layers of raag that form the real structure of raag, this has to be learnt practically however the theory is also important to provide the basic needs of music
lovers all over the globe who wish to explore the secrets of the formation of raags. I hope this short article would give you little exposure to that. In the upcoming articles I will discuss more aspects of classical and light music.
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