RAAG PAHADI TUTORIAL-Indian Classical Music

RAAG PAHADI TUTORIAL-Indian Classical Music:

This is a tutorial about “raag pahadi”. We will also discuss Raag Pahadi notes below.

RAAG PAHADI TUTORIAL-Indian Classical Music

It is believed that the origin of raag pahadi is Kashmir, kashmir is a land of mountains, so
perhaps this name has been taken keeping in mind the land of mountains and valleys. This raag
has been taken from Balawal thatt, its Arohi is (Sa Re Ga Pa Dha), and its Amrohi is
(Sa ne dha pa ma ga re sa), so you must have noticed that in Arohi there are only five notes
whereas in Amrohi there are all seven notes but it must be kept in mind that while taking
Amrohi we will slightly touch the notes (ne and ma) which means we will not stay longer
on these two notes. It’s wadi note is Pa, well you all must be knowing what is meant by wadi
note, the wadi note is the one which is used the most in this raag, its samwadi note(which
is used slightly less than the wadi note) is (sa). Its anowadi note (which means its is used
slightly less than the samwadi note) is (ga), while the amwadi (which is used the least or
not used altogether are (ne or ma). Many bollywood hit songs have been composed in the raag,
so I feel if the student can practice its Arohi and Amrohi perfectly then he would be able to play many
songs based on this raag. Its my suggestion to all that instead of only following the staff
notation (which is also important for the musicians) we must try to find the root of the
composition, that will certainly help in enhancing your musical knowledge about Indian
classical music. Mostly in this raag the note ma or F sharp is considered as the C note or
Sa note. I would suggest that this raag must be practiced in all three octaves to get the
more pleasant effect of the raag. There is one very famous song based on this raag which has
been sung by great singer Mohammad Rafi sahib (Chowdawin ka chand ho ya aftab ho). The
other famous hit song composed by great composer Naushad for film Dulari is (Suhani Raat
dhal chuki na jane tum kab aao gay) and another famous hit song (Chal ud ja re panchi) is
also based on this raag. One very old hit song (Agay bhe jane na tu pechay be jane na tu)
is based on this raag. So to get the exact and correct knowledge of this raag, the above
mentioned songs must be practiced and the formation of notes should be remembered.

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Indian Classical Music - raag bahron indian ragaas

Raag bharon is one of the most popular and sweet raag in Indian classical Music. The name of the thatt of this raag
is also known as Bahron thatt. Seven notes are used in this raag, but remember that note
Re and Dha are komal (black)notes in this raag. This raag is also know as the jhank raag
of Bharon Thatt. All seven notes are used in Arohi and Amrohi therefore its jati is
samporan which means all seven notes are used in ascending and descending order. The
wadi note of this raag is dhawat (dha) and the samwadi note is Re. The effect of this raag
is very deep and sad, so many sad songs are composed in this raag. Dhurpat, dhamar and
tarana are sung in this raag. Arohi is Sa Re(black) Ga Ma Pa Dha(black) Ne Sa. Sa ne
dha(black) pa ma ga Re(black) sa. The pakar of this raag is Sa Ga ma pa dha(black).
Sur Malika satai would be like this, Ga ma Dha(black) pa dha(black) pa ma Ga ma re sa. ne
sa ga ma pa dha ne sa dha(black) sa ne dha(black) pa ga ma dha(black) pa. There is one
very popular rachna based on the pure suwar malik, that is Jago Jago hua swera. The best
example of this raag can be found in old hit indian movies Baiju bawara, the song is
Mohe bhol gaye samwariya. You can remember this song to remember the mood of raag bharon
and there is one more song based on the raag, Albela sajan from the film Hum dil de chukay
sanam. In the forthcoming articles we shall discuss about finding the identity of raags,
we should all know that each raag has its own identity by which we can find the raag,
there are musical phrases by which the identity of raag becomes easy.

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RAAG YAMAN KALYAN-Indian Classical Music


Rag Yaman Kalyan is one of the most famous raags in Indian classical music. This raag has been abundantly used in many old and new Bollywood songs. All seven notes are used in this raag. There are many famous songs based on raag yaman . It is a very versatile raag, which means you will not only find classical pieces but also the semi classical pieces in this raag. You will also find light music pieces such as bhajan, Ghazals and many film songs such as ZARA SI AHAT HOTI HAI TOU DIL SOCHTA HAI, jAB DEEB CHALE ANA JAB SHAM DHALE ANA, CHANDAN SA BADAN, NAAM GUM JAYEGA, NIGAHAIN MILANE KO JEE CHATA HAI. The question must have risen in you mind that how was it known that these songs are based on raag yaman.

raag yaman kalyan

No raag can be recognized only by the notes that are being used. No raag is recognised by its phrases, the way it is sung, in Indian classical music it is known as chalan, so with the help of the chalan you can find out which raag is it. So all the songs that I have mentioned above are based on the chalan of raag yaman. Now what is the chalaan for raag yaman by listening to which we can say yes this is raag yaman. So remember the best phrase or the chalan is Ne – Re- Ga (B – D- E), so if you listen to these songs carefully you will see this first phrase. Now the second phrase of raag yaman is the combination of Pa- Re, and these two notes are to be taken in the form of glide, they must not be sung separately but with a glide or curved voice from Pa to Re (G to D). This glide can easily be seen in the song Chandan sa badan, or jab deeb jale.and Gar yaad rahey. It is very important to know that all seven notes are used in this raag but Ma (F) is sharp note in it. Some people used F note plainly , but remember in that case the name of the raag would not remain Raag yaman but it would change to raag yaman Kaliyan. If you listen to most of the Bollywood songs, you will find that F sharp note is not used in most of the cases. So we can undoubtedly say those songs are not based on raag yaman but on raag yaman kalyan. The most classical example of this song is the Mohammad Rafi’s Hit song,( Abhi na jao chor kar). This was important to give flavor to the song of requesting mood, if F sharp had been used in place of F major the flavor would have been entirely different. If you sing this song with F sharp, it won’t sound nice and would present an odd flavor to the romantic song.

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indian classical music thaat

I am sure that by the time you reach the end of this post, you will have much better understanding of INDIAN CLASSICAL MUSIC THAAT

Well The Indian classical music is all based on 10 Thatts, that play vital role in learning and knowing the classical indian music. This is the basic knowledge that each one has to know if he or she is interested in indian music. This is important to know that every hindi song that we listen in the form of film playback songs, ghazals, folk songs etc have their roots from the Thatts because they are based on raags and raags belong to thatt (one of the 10 Thatts). So if the person has knowledge about the thatts he can easily find out, in what raag the particular song has been composed. Now-a-days the Indian Classical music has become popular all around the world and many foreigners come to India and Pakistan to learn Indian music. So in this Article we will discuss about 10 Thatts, their formation and other related information. Thatt is in fact a combination of seven notes. The combination of black and white notes, they differ in each thatt. The very first thatt is known as Bilawal Thatt, It has all the white notes. The second thatt is known as kamaj thatt, The third Thatt is Kafi, the fourth Thatt is Asavari, the fifth thatt is Bhairvain, the sixth Thatt is Bharon, the seventh thatt is Kalyan, the eighth Thatt is Marwa, the ninth Thatt is Poorvi while the last and the tenth thatt is todi. The description of thatts is given as under:

To understand The Music Theory Properly, it’s mandatory to pay close attention to the thaats

Bilawal Thatt

All the seven notes of this Thatt are white which means: C D E F G A B (all white notes)

Khamaj Thatt

The seven notes of 2nd Thatt, which is Khamaj are: C D E F G A B(Flat) ( only one note that is B Flat is black in this Thatt)

Kafi Thatt

The seven notes of 3rd Thatt are C D E(Flat) F G A B(Flat) which means there are two black notes in Kafi Thatt and they are E (Flat) and B (Flat)

Asavari Thatt

The seven notes of 4th Thatt are C D E(Flat) F G A(Flat) B(Flat) this means there are three black notes i.e E (flat) A(flat) and B (flat)

Bharvi Thatt

The seven notes of Bharvi Thatt are C D(Flat) E(Flat) F G A(Flat) B(Flat), so there are four black notes in Barvi Thatt i.e D(flat), E(flat), A(flat) and B(Flat)

Bharav Thatt

The seven note of Bharav thatt are C D(Flat) E F G A(flat) B, so there are only two black notes in this Thatt and they are D(flat) and A(flat)

Kalyan Thatt

The notes for the Kalyan Thatt are C D E F(sharp) G A B, this means there is only one black key and that is F sharp

Purvi Thatt

The seven notes of purvi thatt are C D(flat) E F(sharp) G A(flat) B

Todi Thatt

the notes for Todi Thatt are C D(flat) E(flat) F(sharp) G A(flat) B(flat)

The music of India sounds quite exotic to the European audience. Two major reasons for this are the differences between the two traditions in tuning and scales.
We can also say that even the singing styles are entirely different. Even the traditional instruments used in Indian music make it so different from the western instruments. The Indian music is mostly based on melodies that are not dominated by the hard beats of Drums and Guitars (as in western music). Furthermore the western music depends lot on harmonies, 2nd and 3rd harmonies whereas in Indian music stress is given only to the melody of the song, but in recent times, some composers are turning towards the harmonies too. No doubt they should do experiments to give new innovative flavors to the songs to make it different from the primitive singing styles.

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