The role of rests in Music Theory
As we have discussed the note value in time signatures. It is also important for each student to know what does the word rest mean in music theory.
Rests are symbols of silence. You must be aware of the fact that when a song is composed, rests are also mentioned on the grand staff for the musician to read so that he can play in harmony with other musical instruments. Look at the picture below to understand the value of rest.
Now as a drill, it is recommended that students should draw 4 of each rest. Remember that this drill is very important too.
Counting and Clapping
1. Check Time Signature
2. Set up a steady pulse by counting and tapping the four beats for a full measure before you begin to clap.
3. The first time you clap, say the name of the note value in the rhythm. The second time count the beats. Remember quarter note gets a clap, the half note gets a clap and a squeeze, the half dotted note gets a clap and two squeezes whereas the full note gets one clap and 3 squeezes. On rests throw your hands open for the correct number of beats.
The stems on notes go up on the right or down on the left. Notes that are on the middle line of the staff or above the middle line are stemmed down on the left. Notes that are below the middle line of the staff are stemmed up on the right.
The students must draw notes on the staff sheet and stem them according to the instructions given above. First write quarter notes on or above the middle line and stem them, then write half notes and repeat the exercise, also continue this exercise with half dotted notes and whole notes. This exercise will refresh the memories of the students and they will be able to remember the names of the notes in a better way.
Stem whole note. They will become half notes. now change these notes to quarter notes by adding stems and blackening the heads. So it means when note is stemmed its value becomes half.
Sharps and Flats
Sign of Sharp
Sign of Flat
A sharp sign placed in front of a note tells us to play the very next key to the right. Now draw 8 sharp signs by looking at the pic. The vertical lines for sharps are drawn straight. The cross lines are at an angle. Now write sharp signs on the staff sheet on different lines and spaces to grasp better knowledge. The box of the sharp must enclose the individual line or space. when we see F sharp sign at the beginning of a piece, we call it a Key Signature. F sharp is the Key Signature of G Major.
pic of signature of G Major
A flat sign placed in front of a note tells us to play the very next key to the left. Now see the pic of Flat and try to draw is yourself. First draw a downward line and then add the head on each Flat. The head of the flat must enclose the individual line or space. When we see a B flat at the beginning of a piece we call it a key signature. B flat is the key signature of F Major.
pic of key signature of F Major