Indian Classical Music Theory

Indian Classical Music Theory

The Indian classical music is very old and its roots can be found in Vedic literature. by the passage of time the Indian Music has been undergoing changes due to the influence of the western music and some of the folk musics of other civilizations. Perhaps now a days it is hard to find it in its purest form..Most of the people may not know the revolutionary changes it has undergone. It was in its purest form in the 13th century as can be determined from the sanskrit text Sangita-Ratnakara. The actual Indian classical music was regarded as full time involvement . It was taught by the Ustad (Masters of music) to the students who could serve the masters in different form such as their obedience and respect. At that time there was no technology that could pass on the information about the formations of different raags, their time and the ways to perform it. Therefore they had no other option but to serve the master to get the knowledge of Hindustani music and the Carnatic music traditions. The Indian classical music has two basic foundations or pillars, the first known as raga (the raag or the melody of the lyrics) and tala (known as rythm). without these two elements the Indian classical music can not exist. but our classical music also has the influence of neighboring countries such as Iran, Eqypt and even Arab. Many styles are being fabricated while keep the basic demand of the raag. It has made the indian classical music more rich by improvising it with different traditional styles of different civilizations. In recent compositions the music directors love to mix western with classical indian music to make it more relaxing and entertaining for the public. These changes had to be brought to keep the classical music alive. No one has the time to listen to the classical music for hours and hours as it used to be in the ancient times.

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The Indian music has multiple varieties of classical music, ranging from folk music of different provinces, Indian rock music, Indian pop music and the film music. In fact now a days the film music directors are making efforts to make the melodies as simple as possible, so that every person can sing it. They need to do it to make the melodies popular among all classes of people, from the richest businessmen to the poorest laborers who work in the field the whole day. But not to forget that the melody is certainly based on some raags which orginates from the classical music. The music in the Indian sub-continent began as integral part of social-religious life and till date its shades are prevailing all over the world because the lovers of music are to be found in each corner of the world. The western music specially the rhythm(beats) are used abundantly with the base guitars to enhance the real beauty of melody. In many case, specially in old film music during 70 and 80 era there are numerous examples of such blending. The common people seem to enjoy such music more. The reason being that it becomes more familiar to people from others countries as well.

Highly recommend book on Indian Music:

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Indian Music Theory

Indian music theory explained in terms of Ghazals Qawali and notes

Indian music theory explained in terms of Ghazals Qawali and notes:

Ghazals:

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Ghazal is one of the most popular style of singing. It has special importance in Indian music. It’s origin is believed to be the Mughal Dynesty. The emperors and queens were very fond of this performing art. Well! the subject of Ghazal is always romantic, but now-a-days there is no binding, the performers may choose any other related subject too for ghazal. There have been many famous Ghazal singers in the Indian sub-continent. Special gathering, are arranged in the evenings till mid-night to listen to the Ghazal singers. One of the most popular ghazal singers in Indian History is “Jagjit Singh”.
Qawali:

In this form of singing the subject mostly relates to the divine and spiritual personalities that have influenced the masses of people by their spiritual teaching for the spread of religions.

In Qawali many artists take part, but there is always one lead singer. The specialty of this kind of singing is that rhythm is very loud that magically hypnotizes the listeners.

This point is to be noted that there is no nation in the world that has bot been influenced by music. Though they all have their own style and in some cases primitive musical instruments but one thing is for sure that music has international presence.

The names of notes in Indian Music:

In order to acquire knowledge about Indian music, it is important to know the names of musical notes. They are mentioned below:
C (Kharj) – D (Rakkab) – E (Gandhar)
F (Madham) – G (Pancham) – A (Dehwat)
B (Nikhad)

 

More simple names of the notes are mentioned below:-

c (Saa)
d (Raay)
e (Gaa)
f (Maa)
g (Paa)
A (Dhaa)
B (Nee)
Hope you enjoyed this post and that it has helped people all around the world to better understand the indian music theory.