CONCERT SETTING IN INDIAN MUSIC-Comparison between CONCERT SETTING IN INDIAN MUSIC & WESTERN MUSIC
In Indian music you will find that there are very few performers on stage rather few musicians are on stage with the singer who participate in one concert.. Most of the time there is one main artist and three or four accompanying musicians, this is because Indian music believes in melody, one tune at a time.. This melody is sung or performed by the main artist and the accompanying musicians just follow the main artist, this is customary in Indian music.. The main artist has all the liberty to improvise the melody as he wishes but following the raag that he is performing-
Now we will discuss and see the difference in Western Concert settings. In western music , there is a grand setting of musicians and it is like a very big orchestra, this is because the western music believes in harmony. Just one singer can’t perform harmony therefore they have to have many singers, who can perform harmony along-with the main artist. similarly they need to have many instruments to play different harmonies. So we can say there is not one specific artist in the performance. There are all artists who are participating and working like a team, so this is a team effort rather than the sole effort as in Indian concerts. Everybody has his own melody line to contribute in the harmony. Well this certainly doesn’t mean that there are no solo performances, when it comes to western classical music. The main artist follows the melody but the accompanying artists provide consonent to create a harmony. That’s why all the composition or the music is in written form and this leaves very little improvisation in western classical music. Till now we have discussed the tune aspects of Indian and western music. Now lets discuss how rhythm is interpreted in Indian music and how it is interpreted in western music. In Indian music the Rhythm (lai) is interpreted in the form of Taal, Taal is a rhythmic cycle, so in Indian music there are different numbers of rhythmic cycles , like 6 beats, 8 beats, 7 beats, 12 beats , 14 beats, 16 beats etc. in western music the rhythm is interpreted as time signature on the staff sheet, so this is a linear concept than a cyclical concept. So what you have is bars and beats in those bars. Very common time signature is 2 is to 4, which means there are two beats in each bar. then it is 4 by 4 which means there are 4 beats in one bar. so counting is like 1,2,3,4 etc then you have 3 is to 4, which means there are 3 beats in one bar.