indian classical music thaat

I am sure that by the time you reach the end of this post, you will have much better understanding of INDIAN CLASSICAL MUSIC THAAT

Well The Indian classical music is all based on 10 Thatts, that play vital role in learning and knowing the classical indian music. This is the basic knowledge that each one has to know if he or she is interested in indian music. This is important to know that every hindi song that we listen in the form of film playback songs, ghazals, folk songs etc have their roots from the Thatts because they are based on raags and raags belong to thatt (one of the 10 Thatts). So if the person has knowledge about the thatts he can easily find out, in what raag the particular song has been composed. Now-a-days the Indian Classical music has become popular all around the world and many foreigners come to India and Pakistan to learn Indian music. So in this Article we will discuss about 10 Thatts, their formation and other related information. Thatt is in fact a combination of seven notes. The combination of black and white notes, they differ in each thatt. The very first thatt is known as Bilawal Thatt, It has all the white notes. The second thatt is known as kamaj thatt, The third Thatt is Kafi, the fourth Thatt is Asavari, the fifth thatt is Bhairvain, the sixth Thatt is Bharon, the seventh thatt is Kalyan, the eighth Thatt is Marwa, the ninth Thatt is Poorvi while the last and the tenth thatt is todi. The description of thatts is given as under:

To understand The Music Theory Properly, it’s mandatory to pay close attention to the thaats

Bilawal Thatt

All the seven notes of this Thatt are white which means: C D E F G A B (all white notes)

Khamaj Thatt

The seven notes of 2nd Thatt, which is Khamaj are: C D E F G A B(Flat) ( only one note that is B Flat is black in this Thatt)

Kafi Thatt

The seven notes of 3rd Thatt are C D E(Flat) F G A B(Flat) which means there are two black notes in Kafi Thatt and they are E (Flat) and B (Flat)

Asavari Thatt

The seven notes of 4th Thatt are C D E(Flat) F G A(Flat) B(Flat) this means there are three black notes i.e E (flat) A(flat) and B (flat)

Bharvi Thatt

The seven notes of Bharvi Thatt are C D(Flat) E(Flat) F G A(Flat) B(Flat), so there are four black notes in Barvi Thatt i.e D(flat), E(flat), A(flat) and B(Flat)

Bharav Thatt

The seven note of Bharav thatt are C D(Flat) E F G A(flat) B, so there are only two black notes in this Thatt and they are D(flat) and A(flat)

Kalyan Thatt

The notes for the Kalyan Thatt are C D E F(sharp) G A B, this means there is only one black key and that is F sharp

Purvi Thatt

The seven notes of purvi thatt are C D(flat) E F(sharp) G A(flat) B

Todi Thatt

the notes for Todi Thatt are C D(flat) E(flat) F(sharp) G A(flat) B(flat)

The music of India sounds quite exotic to the European audience. Two major reasons for this are the differences between the two traditions in tuning and scales.
We can also say that even the singing styles are entirely different. Even the traditional instruments used in Indian music make it so different from the western instruments. The Indian music is mostly based on melodies that are not dominated by the hard beats of Drums and Guitars (as in western music). Furthermore the western music depends lot on harmonies, 2nd and 3rd harmonies whereas in Indian music stress is given only to the melody of the song, but in recent times, some composers are turning towards the harmonies too. No doubt they should do experiments to give new innovative flavors to the songs to make it different from the primitive singing styles.

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Indian Classical Music Theory

Indian Classical Music Theory

The Indian classical music is very old and its roots can be found in Vedic literature. by the passage of time the Indian Music has been undergoing changes due to the influence of the western music and some of the folk musics of other civilizations. Perhaps now a days it is hard to find it in its purest form..Most of the people may not know the revolutionary changes it has undergone. It was in its purest form in the 13th century as can be determined from the sanskrit text Sangita-Ratnakara. The actual Indian classical music was regarded as full time involvement . It was taught by the Ustad (Masters of music) to the students who could serve the masters in different form such as their obedience and respect. At that time there was no technology that could pass on the information about the formations of different raags, their time and the ways to perform it. Therefore they had no other option but to serve the master to get the knowledge of Hindustani music and the Carnatic music traditions. The Indian classical music has two basic foundations or pillars, the first known as raga (the raag or the melody of the lyrics) and tala (known as rythm). without these two elements the Indian classical music can not exist. but our classical music also has the influence of neighboring countries such as Iran, Eqypt and even Arab. Many styles are being fabricated while keep the basic demand of the raag. It has made the indian classical music more rich by improvising it with different traditional styles of different civilizations. In recent compositions the music directors love to mix western with classical indian music to make it more relaxing and entertaining for the public. These changes had to be brought to keep the classical music alive. No one has the time to listen to the classical music for hours and hours as it used to be in the ancient times.

indian classical music theory

The Indian music has multiple varieties of classical music, ranging from folk music of different provinces, Indian rock music, Indian pop music and the film music. In fact now a days the film music directors are making efforts to make the melodies as simple as possible, so that every person can sing it. They need to do it to make the melodies popular among all classes of people, from the richest businessmen to the poorest laborers who work in the field the whole day. But not to forget that the melody is certainly based on some raags which orginates from the classical music. The music in the Indian sub-continent began as integral part of social-religious life and till date its shades are prevailing all over the world because the lovers of music are to be found in each corner of the world. The western music specially the rhythm(beats) are used abundantly with the base guitars to enhance the real beauty of melody. In many case, specially in old film music during 70 and 80 era there are numerous examples of such blending. The common people seem to enjoy such music more. The reason being that it becomes more familiar to people from others countries as well.

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The Importance of Learning Music Theory

The Importance of Learning Music Theory

For anybody interested in playing any type of instrument or performing singing for that purpose, you’ve got to truly have a working understanding of fundamental music theory. Music theory is the basic premises to understand music. This involves reading it, being able to create basic records on the two clefs and having a working understanding in what makes music tick.

Importance of Learning Music Theory - musictheoryfundamental

A few of the basics which might be crucial that you understand are timing signatures, treble chef & the notes on bass, major & minor notes along with other notations that tell you these things as to play softer, louder staccato, etc.

Many novice musicians get involved in their device and forget about the basics. When the moment comes in order for them to discover more challenging pieces, it becomes clear that not knowing these fundamentals may be a problem due to their continued musical advance.

The most fundamental understanding of 4/4-time passages 2/4-time whilst playing a musical piece is crucial to know. Simply basic principle like understanding that in the key of “G” there’s a sharp can make it so much cooler to play pieces because within that key.

Knowing minor & major chords along with the principles that make them minor or major can make it simpler for you to realize true note progressions. In the event you are playing a particular tone in the key of “G”, odds are you’ll realize a “Db” isn’t any appropriate note in that piece, at the in majority of the cases.

Learning music theory is only going to make your task so simpler. In the event that you do not have a working knowledge of theory you might want to look for somebody who includes this in their complete teachings (rather than simply teaching strumming styles & chords) or get a book of it so that you’re able to support your learning a bit more.

In summary learning music theory will absolutely help you progress as a recording artist. Learning the theory doesn’t automatically make you a better musician, instead, it offers you the tools necessary to choose your music towards the next level if you’re ready to commit yourself and work towards your goal.

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Differences between Western and Asian Music Theory

Differences between Western and Asian Music Theory

Plato once said, “Music is a moral law”. It gives soul to the universe, wings to the mind, flight to the imagination, and charm and gaiety to life and to everything.” Good music not only delights you but also promotes good health.

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Differences between Western and Asian Music Theory westernmusictheory

There is theory behind music. It comprises the rules that make music delightful. The music theory enables music to be written and played by musicians.

There are some distinct differences between Western classical music theory and Asian music theory. The Western music theory divides the octave into a series of 12 tones, known as chromatic scale, within which the interval between adjacent tones is known as a semitone.

In equal temperament, each semitone is equidistant from the next, but other tuning systems are also used. Scales are created by selecting tones from the 12 tones and arranging them in patterns of whole tones and semitones.

Asian music encompasses many musical styles originating from different Asian countries. There are 48 countries in Asia, the largest continent in the world.

When people speak about eastern music, they usually mean Indian classical music. Indian classical music has two genres: Hindustani music and Carnatic music. In the Hindustani music, the melodic foundations are known as ragas and the rhythmic organization is based on rhythmic patterns known as tala.

The Carnatic music theory is also based on a complex system of raga and tala. Raga is basically the scale, which has seven notes. Tala is the rhythmic foundation to the system. Ragas are categorized into various modes.

Western classical music does not use beat cycles, Indian classical music uses tala, a cycle of beats. Works in western classical music have roots in factors like historical events in human history and individual experiences. Indian classical music has an intimate association with nature.

The magic of Western classical music lies in polyphonic composition. The harmony, texture and counterpoint are created using many voices. Melody is not the singular focus of most of Western classical music works. Indian classical music is primarily homophonic. Its focus is on creating melodies using a sequence of notes. Different melodies are constructed within the framework of ragas.

Western classical music is composed, Indian classical music is improvised. In Western classical music, when vocals are used, the instrumentation still carries a lot of weight in the composition. In the Indian classical music, when vocals are used the instruments are mere accompaniments.

There are many great compositions in both Western music and Asian music. Which genre of music do you prefer to listen?

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Music Theory

Music Theory

Music theory means understanding the language of music. The big thing to understand about music theory is that it is just a method to describe the music we hear. Much had existed for 1000 of years before theory came along to describe what people were trying to accomplish naturally by pounding on their drums. Don’t ever think that you cannot be a professional musician because you have never taken a theory class. Actually, if you are a best musician, you already understand a lot of theory. You just may not know the scientific formulas or words for what you are doing.
music theory

The rules and concepts that frame music theory are extremely much like the grammatical rules that administer written language. Being capable to write out music makes it simple for other musicians to understand and play music compositions actually as the composer intended. Learning to read music is almost actually like learning a fresh language, to the point where a confident person can “hear” a music “talk” when reading a piece of music sheet.
There are plenty of self-taught, intuitive musicians out there who have never lead to write or read music and find the full idea of learning music theory unnecessary and tedious. Anyway, just like the educational leaps that can come with learning to write and read, music theory can support musicians learn fresh ideas, do unfamiliar music styles, and develop the confidence to try fresh things.
What is vital to remember, though, is that music theory is to composers what grammar is to poets. Music theory can tell you what composers and musicians have done in the past and why it jobs, but it does not say what you have to do. Just as poets are not restricted to the strict rules of musicians, grammar, too, have the poetic license to reject certain “rules” of music theory in order to make the piece they want to make.
If you want to be capable to play classic music, you must be capable to keep a steady beat, and knowing how the harmonies fit combine can make it much simple to play because you can see what is coming before you even get there. If you want to be rock musician, then understanding the notes you need to play is a given idea is especially vital. Learning to play and know music takes a lot of personal discipline, but in the close, it is merit all the hard work.

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The Music Theory Explained in simple words

The Music Theory Explained in simple words

The Music Theory

Human beings wok very had in order to be successful and wealthy. However there are times when one feel very low and disjointed. It is those times when a quiet song soothes the ear as well as the mind of the listener. Music as some people have called it, is divine. However, the songs we hear today and those of the past, have a rich and exquisite history behind them. We all love to hear new songs but we do nothing in order to know their history. Well, if you are one of the aforementioned then it is of paramount importance that you understand the concept of Music Theory. Let us throw some light on this topic of Music Theory.
Music theory as the name suggests is about the theoretical aspects of music. Music theory deals with the various structures of music. By structures of music, we mean the different considerations of music like rhythm, melody, scales, intervals, dissonance, and harmony and so on. These different contemplations are or can be considered the structure of music. For example, how is the pitch of the tone? Thus, all these ingredients come up together in order to form the different structures of music. Now after reading the above mentioned, one might be tempted to ask whether the form of music has anything to do with Music theory or there is no effect of the type of music. Well, the answer to this question lies in the fact that with change in the form of music, there also comes a difference in the various elements like pitch, tone, and harmony. And with changes in these crucial elements, it is primary that the music theory will change in accordance.
Music theory is there in the formed of composed literature and every form of music i.e. the Hebrew music, the Chinese music or the Carnatic music, every form of music has its own literature on music and music theories and the literature is there in abundance. Although in spite of the presence of such humongous theoretical records, many classicists claim that the original music theory had no records and that it had nothing to do with these present music records.
Ideally speaking, music theory deals only as an observant and a listener. The present concept of creating music and fusing it with other forms of art is a strict no-no. But with changing times music theory has also changed its perspective and now creation of music is heralded as the new champion of music theory. The practical uses of music have been restored now, which were considered obstacles in the original music theory.

We all have heard about Aristotle and Pythagoras. We know them as great philosophers and mathematicians but we have no idea that both of them were great music theorist too. It is important to keep in mind though, that although, musical elements like harmony, dissonance, pitch and tones etc., are important features of music theory but they are not the only ones. Quintessential music theory has more do with the inherent musical observation rather than creation of music.

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Brief Overview Of The Music Theory

A brief overview of the music theory

Great Greek philosopher and mathematician Plato once said, “Music is a moral law. It gives soul to the universe, wings to the mind, flight to the imagination, and charm and gaiety to life and to everything.”
Music theory is the study of the theoretical elements of music. Music involves sound, pitch, melody, rhythm, notation and harmony. Music theory is the study of these elements of music. It is an act of contemplation of music.

Here is a brief overview of some elements of music:
overview of the music theory themusictheory


Pitch is a subjective sensation. It is the level of a tone. The higher the frequency of vibration, the higher the pitch. Likewise the lower the frequency of vibration, the lower the pitch. The difference in frequency between two pitches is known as interval.


Rhythm is a strong, regular, repeated pattern of sound. It is created by the sequential arrangement of sounds and silences. Meter measures music in regular pulse groupings. Playing simultaneous rhythms in more than one time signature is called polymeter.


Melody is a prominent aspect in music. It is a rhythmically organized sequence of single tones so related to one another as to make up a particular phrase. Pitch, rhythm, duration and tempo are the basic elements of melody.


A chord is a group of notes (three or more) sounded together, as a basis of harmony. Chords are mostly used in popular music. Chord structure provides strength to the melody.


Also known as tone color, timbre is the principal phenomenon that enables you to distinguish one musical instrument from another when both play at the same volume and pitch. It is determined by the envelop of the sound and the relative balance of overtones produced by a given instrument due to its construction.


Texture is one of the basic elements of music. It is the way the rhythmic, melodic and harmonic materials are combined in a composition. It is the overall sound of a composition.


In music theory, harmony is the study of vertical sonorities in music. Harmony is analyzed through a Roman numeral system. Roman numerals are used to identify chords based on their scalar roots. In Western music of the Common Practice Era, harmonies are generally tertian.


Musical notation is the symbolic representation of music. There are many systems of music notation.
Music is a very interesting subject. Many great personalities like Aristotle, Shoenberg and Rameau were music theorists.

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Raag Hameer-Indian Music theory tips for vocalists

Raag Hameer importance in Indian Music theory and special tips for vocalists


Raag Hameer:


Kalyan Thaat has many sweet Raags and Raag Hameer is one of them. This is the Sampuran Raag (7 notes) of Kalyan Thaat. Its wadi note is Pa(G) but some pandits believe that Daywat (note A) is the wadi note of this Raag, infact more stress is given on this note while playing.

In Arohi of this Raag, note Nee (B) is weak or less used whereas in its Amrohi note E (Ga) is weak or less used. The style of this Raag is Vikar (which means not in sequence) the notes are not played in sequence, as mentioned below:-


Remember if we play all notes in sequence it will become Raag Aiman or Bilawal. The special melody or Taan of this Raag is Ga-Ma-Dha.

Some Music Scholars say, this Raag is combination of Kalyan, Aiman and Kidara.

Note “D” (Re) is Vikar (not played in sequence).

In Amrohi of this Raag, the constant combination of notes Ma (F) and Dha (A) looks marvellous and leave magical effect on the listeners.

For the knowledge of students, a simple formation or melody is being mentioned below:-

Sa-Ga-Ma-Dha, Ne-Dha-Pa, Ga-Ma-Dha-Pa-Ga-Sa-Re-Ga-Ma-Dha-Dha-Pa

All students that are learning Indian music must know the importance of Raags and Rhythms. Unless the student grasps enough knowledge to know about the notes of Raags, he can never be a good vocalist. Similar Rhythm is most important and it must be known by every vocalist that no Indian melody can be presented or composed without Rhythm. We will surely discuss about Rhythms in our next few articles.

Our main ambition and wish is to equit every student with all the basic techniques to be a better performer.

Natural Music Signs for understanding music theory

Natural Music Signs for understanding music theory:

Natural Sign:

Naturals cancel sharps and flats. A natural sign placed in front of a note cancels the effect a sharp or flat has had. This kind of natural sign can be seen when melody is created in the Indian sub-continent or even Bengali music formations. Look at the pic below and draw 6 natural signs as practice.



First draw vertical downward line. Then make a line at the bottom at an angle. Now draw vertical downward line again little below the first line then join both vertical lines with a short angle line.

Slurs and Ties:

See the slur mark in the pic below:







The slur mark is used for many purposes in music.

The slur mark is very often used under or vertical group of notes to show that they belong together in musical thought. Remember the notes written within a slur are played in a smooth connected manner.

Now as a drill, write few notes as the staff sheet and draw slur mark over them. When two identical notes are connected by a slur mark it is called a tie. The first note is played and held for the value of both notes. Write few identical notes and draw the mark of slur to make it tie.


Legato means to play in a smooth connected manner.

Means to play in a short disconnected manner. Dot placed over or under notes indicate Staccato.

music expressions




is an Italian word meaning loud or full.


is an Italian word meaning soft. See the sign of Piano below:



is an Italian word which means to get gradually slower. See the pic below: