INDIAN CLASSICAL MUSIC ABOUT THATTS
Well The Indian classical music is all based on 10 Thatts, that play vital role in learning and knowing the classical indian music. This is the basic knowledge that each one has to know if he or she is interested in indian music. This is important to know that every hindi song that we listen in the form of film playback songs, ghazals, folk songs etc have their roots from the Thatts because they are based on raags and raags belong to thatt (one of the 10 Thatts). So if the person has knowledge about the thatts he can easily find out, in what raag the particular song has been composed. Now-a-days the Indian Classical music has become popular all around the world and many foreigners come to India and Pakistan to learn Indian music. So in this Article we will discuss about 10 Thatts, their formation and other related information. Thatt is in fact a combination of seven notes. The combination of black and white notes, they differ in each thatt. The very first thatt is known as Bilawal Thatt, It has all the white notes. The second thatt is known as kamaj thatt, The third Thatt is Kafi, the fourth Thatt is Asavari, the fifth thatt is Bhairvain, the sixth Thatt is Bharon, the seventh thatt is Kalyan, the eighth Thatt is Marwa, the ninth Thatt is Poorvi while the last and the tenth thatt is todi. The description of thatts is given as under:
To understand The Music Theory Properly, it’s mandatory to pay close attention to the thaats
All the seven notes of this Thatt are white which means: C D E F G A B (all white notes)
The seven notes of 2nd Thatt, which is Khamaj are: C D E F G A B(Flat) ( only one note that is B Flat is black in this Thatt)
The seven notes of 3rd Thatt are C D E(Flat) F G A B(Flat) which means there are two black notes in Kafi Thatt and they are E (Flat) and B (Flat)
The seven notes of 4th Thatt are C D E(Flat) F G A(Flat) B(Flat) this means there are three black notes i.e E (flat) A(flat) and B (flat)
The seven notes of Bharvi Thatt are C D(Flat) E(Flat) F G A(Flat) B(Flat), so there are four black notes in Barvi Thatt i.e D(flat), E(flat), A(flat) and B(Flat)
The seven note of Bharav thatt are C D(Flat) E F G A(flat) B, so there are only two black notes in this Thatt and they are D(flat) and A(flat)
The notes for the Kalyan Thatt are C D E F(sharp) G A B, this means there is only one black key and that is F sharp
The seven notes of purvi thatt are C D(flat) E F(sharp) G A(flat) B
the notes for Todi Thatt are C D(flat) E(flat) F(sharp) G A(flat) B(flat)
The music of India sounds quite exotic to the European audience. Two major reasons for this are the differences between the two traditions in tuning and scales.
We can also say that even the singing styles are entirely different. Even the traditional instruments used in Indian music make it so different from the western instruments. The Indian music is mostly based on melodies that are not dominated by the hard beats of Drums and Guitars (as in western music). Furthermore the western music depends lot on harmonies, 2nd and 3rd harmonies whereas in Indian music stress is given only to the melody of the song, but in recent times, some composers are turning towards the harmonies too. No doubt they should do experiments to give new innovative flavors to the songs to make it different from the primitive singing styles.