Importance of Gamaka in Indian Classical Music
I think most of the readers must not have heard about this word, however the Indian classical music learners must have heard about it. This is actually the backbone of the Indian classical music. In fact this is Gamaka that differentiate our Indian music from the rest of the world. So lets learn about the importance of Gamaka, this would be very helpful for the Indian
classical music learners. So what is a Gamakas, this is actually a connector between two notes. So the notes are not taken
in a plan manner, but in a curved manner like waving notes, so when we do that it adds more life to the notes that are being sung by the performer, it brings out more life and essence to the ragas.
Now you would like to know what are the types of Gamakas in indian classical music, well carnatic music recognizes 15 different types of Gamakas but in the article we shall discuss only the most common 4 types of Gamakas that you can easily find and recognize in Indian classical music. The first type of gamakas is the sliding notes, that means you connect two or more notes
in a sliding manner. So instead of taking the notes plan you have to take it in a sliding manner. This can be applied in ascending or descending orders and this type of gamaka is called Jaaru, this can be found in carnatica music but you can also find it in
light music, like every syllabel sliding to the next. So remember there is no straight note at all. You need to master these sliding of notes from one to another. The next one is wavery gamakas, so we keep on waving the notes back and forth, like in raga shankara bharan, if you take the notes straight they would sound like western major scale, but if you make it wavery
they would sound like the requirement of the raga. This wavery technique is called kampitan in carnatica music. The third type is called Janatas swaras, that means taking the double notes, remember the note has to be taken with a push second time. Like sS, rR,,,,,this means the second note taken with push or force. The fourth type is known as the vibration gamaka
which is also known as spuritum in carnatic music. In this type this is almost like the double note, the second time note is taken by strong push,,but the only difference is that the notes are taken very quickly, like speedily, to give real rich texture and flavor to the Indian classical music but the learner has to take a proper training of these kinds of gamakas. In music
you will find a number of these kinds of gamakas. So next time when you practice any song, listen to it carefully and note whether it is a wavery, vibratory or the double pattern notes that have been taken by the performer.
I am sure that this article was useful in understanding the Importance of Gamaka in Indian Classical Music
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