INDIAN MUSIC VS WESTERN MUSIC



INDIAN MUSIC VS WESTERN MUSIC

Well there has been a lot of talk about the major difference in Indian and Western music. The people who are music lovers have asked this question over and over again. So today we will discuss about this very burning topic of main differences between the two types of music i.e Indian and western. The basic difference between these two types of music is Melody vs Harmony.

We must keep this fact in mind that Indian music is based on the concept of melody. Now what is the melody? well melody is a tune where one note follows the other so it becomes a kind of structure, to some of the people it might sound very complicated but believe me its very simple, if you hum a tune, play a tune or sing a tune its all called melody. so basically raag is a melody, so we can say Indian music is certainly based on melody but with western music its a little bit different.

INDIAN MUSIC VS WESTERN MUSIC1
Just as you have the concept of melody in Indian music, there is a concept of harmony in western music, Now what exactly is the difference between melody and harmony. Well melody is just one individual tune where harmony is layering of two or more tunes which will go hand in hand with each other that is they sound very good when they are played together or sung together for example is the first tune is taken from C major note, the second tune is taken from E note while the third tune is taken from the G note. So when all these tunes are played together they would create harmony and it sounds great and very pleasing to the ears. So if you are a music lover and want to visualize the concept of melody and a food lover too, then lets take it this way, melody is just like a simple burger, where as the harmony is just like having a burger which has multiple layers of cheese, salad and chicken or beef etc. So naturally you would prefer to go for the one which has more layers to enjoy the food rather than taking the simple bun. I hope you have understood the difference between the melody and harmony. How they make Indian music sound different from western music.

Next lets move on to understand the vocal techniques used in two different forms of music. In Indian music the singer is supposed to sing in a very full throat-ed manner. Apart from this the singer is expected to sing in three octaves that is lower, middle and high octaves. He needs to be very fluent in all the three octaves. He should be able to sing in the range from the G of lower Octave to F or G note of the high or the 3rd octave. Technically speaking the singer is not allowed to use the false voice (which is not full throat-ed), specially in Indian classical music it is forbidden. The point is to be noted that false voice is mostly used in the 3rd or the high octave where the singer may find it difficult to cope with the high notes. It feels like a hollow kind of a voice which is strictly forbidden in Indian classical music. In western music there is a believe that each person has got a specific kind of voice. which means they have particular range where they are comfortable in singing. Some people have low pitched voice and some people have high pitched voice, so accordingly they have a specific territory in which they operate comfortably. They do not need to move all along the three octaves and hit the highest pitched notes or the lowest pitched notes. So there are four kinds of voice which are commonly known as Bass, Tener, Alto and superano. Generally Bass and Tener are the male voices, Alto and superano are female voices. In western music a lot of false voice or seto is used. In Indian music the note is applied plainly whereas in western music the ending note is usually used a vibrato , it is wavy vibration given to the note as u sustain it.

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What Is Western Music Theory?



What Is Western Music Theory?

It is not so easy to simplify music theory in a single definition, due to the music’s evolved state itself. But we know exactly what ‘music’ is being talked about here. It is the music that has accompanied the growth and development of human race on the entire earth; so that you could expect that there is such a long history entailing the conception of what music theory is.
Yet, we could still get a hold on a perspective viewing music theory as a set of principles or basic values that must be on a music. It wraps up pitch, rhythm, form, harmony and even silence. Those elements would always be present on every music composition. It is even like a natural concept flowing through the process of making music.

Music Theory’s History

A long history of human race has proven that music is not a trend. Music-making is an ancestral behavior, as shown by so many prehistoric artifacts which are considered to be our ancestors’ musical instruments. And since that time, music theory had actually been developed.
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As humans mobilized, their culture on music-making had also been developed. Western community should have got their own story regarding to how they contemplate music theory of themselves. A writing from Boethius called De institutione was claimed to be the first treatise explaining about how music positioned itself at that time, alongside its composition pattern.
That marks the Western’s contribution to the whole music history, which has finally got the power to be among the most admired music around the world.

Western Music’s Intervals

Well, how do you define Western music? Is it music made originally by Western musicians? Or is it the music produced in Western countries? And even, who are Western people or what are Western countries? It is quite hazy to describe this Western music as one musical concept. Yet, let us rely on the most typical assumption.
If you are wondering about how Western music theory states itself out, then we can see it by analyzing the music’s intervals. Interval, which is the tonal gap between two notes, can be as small as a half step in Western music. That half step is also called minor second. This term, minor second, is one among the twelve notes ended with octave on the 12 half steps.
These interval theory can be a bit confusing and difficult to understand, unless you have been pretty pro on the field.

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